After serving in France with the Somerset Light Infantry in World War I, he began his studies at Oxford and achieved an outstanding record, taking a double first in Honours Moderations (Greek and Latin texts) and Greats (classical history and philosophy) and then staying on for an additional first in English language and literature, completing it in one year instead of the usual three. Lewis taught at Oxford University and became a renowned Christian apologist writer, using logic and philosophy to support the tenets of his faith. Selections of those early stories were collected in Boxen: The Imaginary World of the Young C.S. Granted, as I explained above, Lewis has a philosophy of religion that gives him a license to exercise his fictive impulses, insofar as he understands this as being a kind of truth-seeking endeavour. Arguably one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century, C.S. This is a dummy description. After receiving their early education at home, Lewis and his brother attended English boarding schools. Other books explaining and defending Christianity include Miracles: A Preliminary Study (1947), Reflections on the Psalms (1958), and The Four Loves (1960). Mere Christianity. In early 1963 Lewis wrote his last book, Letters to Malcolm, and in the summer of 1963 he retired from his post at Cambridge, a few months before his death. The two began a correspondence in 1950, while she was still married to writer William Gresham; by 1954 she and her husband, who had been unfaithful, were divorced, and she was living in England, becoming a close friend of Lewis. Clive Staples Lewis was born in Belfast, Ireland, on 29 November 1898. C. S. Lewis was one of the most influential Christian apologists of the 20th century. The posthumously published Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer (1964), in which Lewis returned to the epistolary form, is a series of letters to an imaginary friend, Malcolm, dealing mostly with various kinds of, approaches to, problems arising from prayer, as well as other matters concerning liturgy, worship, and doctrine. This is an excellent critique of Lewis's rhetorical flourishes posing as serious philosophy. C. S. Lewis is an extremely good theologian who does his work for the thoughtful lay person. January 2018 A prolific author and scholar whose intellectual contributions transcend the realm of children’s fantasy literature, Lewis is commonly read and studied as a significant theological figure in his own right. Lewis differentiated between unconditional divine love and the lower forms of love. C.s. Lewis, C.S. C.S. Lewis is often described as an "apostle" to the skeptics - that he somehow has a special affinity for the arguments, sensibilities, and perspectives of religious doubters and can, therefore, more easily reach them than other apologists. Among the most frequently mentioned are his views on the inerrancy of the Bible, the existence of a literal Adam and Eve, and eternal security. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Lewis' words are just as relevant today as they were seven decades ago. Looks like you are currently in Spain but have requested a page in the United States site. C.S. Lewis spoke and wrote often of “joy,” a deep longing of the human heart this world cannot satisfy, and presented it as evidence for God. His mother was Florence Augusta Lewis, née Hamilton (1862–1908), known as Flora, the daughter of Thomas Hamilton, a Church of Ireland priest, and great granddaughter of both Bishop Hugh Hamilton and John Staples. Lewis and J.R.R. Lewis had rejected Christianity in his early teens and lived as an atheist through his 20s. Ph.D. Andrew Davison, 66; citing letter to the Revd Henry Welbon, 18 September 1936 (unpublished; in the collection of the Marion Wade Center, Wheaton College, IL). Lewis’s philosophical thought, and its connection with his theological and literary work. Lewis, in full Clive Staples Lewis, (born November 29, 1898, Belfast, Ireland [now in Northern Ireland]—died November 22, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England), Irish-born scholar, novelist, and author of about 40 books, many of them on Christian apologetics, including The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity. For people who believe there is a God, doing the "sensible" and "human" things are possible because we have hope. C.S. Lewis (1985). C.S. Indeed, Lewis is so popular that a historical question comes along inevitably with our religious-literary questions: What is the significance of the Lewis phenomenon? His first scholarly book, The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (1936), was highly praised and established his reputation as a leading figure in British literary studies. He had an elder brother, Warren Hamilton Lewis(known as "Warnie"). CS Lewis didn’t have a religious philosophy per se. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tillyard, 1939), English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama (1954), Studies in Words (1960), An Experiment in Criticism (1961), and The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (1964). In what she and Lewis thought of as a miracle, her cancer went into a period of remission, allowing them several years of happiness together, until the cancer returned and she died, in July 1960. CDN$ 35.49. Later books on literature include A Preface to Paradise Lost (1942), The Personal Heresy: A Controversy (with E.M.W. Lewis’s philosophical thought, and its connection with his theological and literary work. C.S. They wed in a secret civil ceremony in April 1956 to give her the legal right to remain in England. Lewis was a literature scholar by profession; in the fields of philosophy and theology he described himself as a "very ordinary layman of the Church of England." Tolkien. The following correspondence, between C.S. D.D., Gary R, Walls Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy of Religion Jerry L: 9780997682878: Books - Amazon.ca. Lewis at the same time was becoming known in literary circles, initially by publishing articles and book reviews. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. Since the Lewis corpus is both large and diverse, he deserves the gratitude of every reader of Lewis for successfully completing this rather daunting task.” - David McNaughton, University of Edinburgh, Journal of Inklings Studies, Volume 9, Issue 2, November 2019. Lewis (2014), and is co-editing the forthcoming Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion. Tolkien. Reading and education were valued highly in the Lewis household. Chesterton, Flannery O'Connor, C. S. Lewis, Philip H. Phenix & Lewis Thomas - 1981 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 3 (2):24-26. In 1969 he began teaching at Hope College, where he is the Peter C. and Emajean Cook... From Rudyard Kipling and The Great Gatsby to C.S. All rights reserved. Updates? Clerk, Lewis published A Grief Observed (1961), in which he poured out his sorrow and spiritual doubt and outlined the stages he went through in his grief process. He has published over 60 articles, chapters, and reviews in philosophy and philosophy of religion journals, and co-authored A Brief History of the Soul (Wiley Blackwell, 2011). He left it after a year to be prepped for the University of Oxford entrance exams by W.T. Lewis says in Mere Christianity that theology is like a map. C.S. How does C.S Lewis use symbolism in The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe to explain his religious beliefs? C. S. Lewis's List provides an innovative, detailed, and sympathetic engagement with Lewis that offers new vistas from which to gaze upon his life and work. What is often overlooked is that Lewis first loved and was academically trained in philosophy. This is a dummy description. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. The third book is valued particularly for the way it presents in narrative form ideas about the importance to individuals and societies of belief in traditional objective values that Lewis had developed earlier in his nonfiction The Abolition of Man (1943). For those who don't have that hope, no amount of toilet paper or cans of Spam stacked in the garage can make anyone truly safe, much less solve the ultimate question of meaning that haunts us all. Very little learning occurred at the first of these, Wynyard School in Watford, outside London, overseen by a brutal authoritarian headmaster who was drifting into insanity. As with any deeply-studied figure of religion or philosophy, C. S. Lewis also attracts criticism for some of his doctrinal positions. Corrections? In point of fact, Lewis made it the cornerstone of his religious philosophy and the still-point around which much of his fiction turned. He went on to write six additional stories, and together the series came to be known as The Chronicles of Narnia. Lewis - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), C.S. C.S. Those three novels, which form one of the earliest and best of science-fiction trilogies, centre on an English linguist named Elwin Ransom who voyages to Mars and Venus and becomes involved in a cosmic struggle between good and evil in the solar system. Thus, filmmakers can employ Lewis’s views of myth, thereby using Kierkegaard’s philosophy of indirect communication. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. No categories Direct download (2 more) Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. Lewis’s father, Albert Lewis, was a solicitor, and his mother, Florence Hamilton Lewis, graduated from the Royal University of Ireland (now Queen’s University Belfast) at a time when it was not common for women to earn degrees. Lewis (29 November 1898 - 22 November 1963) was a prolific writer, poet, scholar of English literature and defender of Christianity. Yet Lewis was one of the most popular and respected Christian authors of the 20th century. Here’s the thing, reasoning and philosophy is different than how we think about other aspects of life to some extent. In each area we see Lewis innovating within the tradition. An Oxford don and former atheist who converted to Christianity in 1931, he gained a wide following during the 1940s as the author of a number of popular apologetic books such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain in which he argued for the truth of Christianity. Explaining how C.S Lewis used symbolism in his book, The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, to explain his religious beliefs. Lewis between 1942 and 1944, London publisher Geoffrey Bles published Mere Christianity over 65 years ago. Lewis believed so and also believed that he had a very good argument for convincing people to agree: if Jesus was not whom he claimed, then he must be a lunatic, a liar, or worse. It and many of Lewis’s later books were read aloud and critiqued at meetings of the Inklings, a group of fellow writers who influenced him significantly. His first successful work of fiction was Out of the Silent Planet (1938), a novel into which Lewis wove Christian allusions and themes. from Central College in Iowa and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. From 1954 to 1963 he was professor of medieval and Renaissance English at the University of Cambridge. Writing in … It has no survival value; rather it is one of those things which give value to survival. The series, which describes the conflicts between good and evil that occur in the kingdom of Narnia, is unified by Aslan, a noble lion, which is the form in which the Son of God usually appears in Narnia. Under the name N.W. He is the author of A Philosophical Walking Tour with C.S. The books were hugely popular, and numerous television and film adaptions appeared. S. Lewis—The Work of Christ Revealed focuses on three doctrines or aspects of Lewis’s theology and philosophy: his doctrine of Scripture, his famous mad, bad, or God argument, and his doctrine of christological prefigurement. It is warmly recommended to anyone with an interest in Lewis scholarship, the reception of texts, and the intersection of philosophy, literature, and religion.” But those were far exceeded in popularity by The Screwtape Letters (1942), a work of epistolary fiction consisting of 31 letters in which an elderly, experienced devil named Screwtape instructs his junior, Wormwood, in the subtle art of tempting a young Christian convert. 224 Pages, The definitive exploration of C.S. “Joy” was a recurring experience for Lewis as a child and adolescent and came to him through nature, literature or music. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Michael Ward, “The Good serves the Better and Both the Best: C S Lewis on Imagination and Reason in Apologetics,” in Imaginative Apologetics: Theology, Philosophy and the Catholic Tradition, ed. Lewis was a most improbable person to become the author of some of the 20th century's most influential books on Christianity. C.S. The definitive exploration of C.S. Arguably one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century, C.S. The Narnian chronicles were followed by his last work of fiction, the one he thought his best, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold (1956), a retelling of the myth of Cupid and Psyche from the viewpoint of one of Psyche’s sisters, whom Lewis names Orual. Logic has perhaps mathematical aspects followed by the equally successful Perelandra ( 1943 ) and that Hideous Strength 1945! 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